Tuesday, January 20, 2009
Heart is a rock band whose founding members came from Seattle, Washington, USA in the early 1970s. Going through several lineup changes, the only constant members of the group are sisters Ann and Nancy Wilson. The group rose to fame in the 1970s with their music being influenced by hard rock as well as folk music. After diminishing in popularity by the mid-1980s, the band created a major comeback in 1985 experiencing further success with their power ballads throughout the rest of the decade. By the mid-1990s, Heart left their 1980s' sound and went back to their hard rock roots which they continue to play today. They have sold over 30 million albums worldwide.
Heart was ranked #57 on VH1's "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock".
In 1967 Steve Fossen formed The Army along with Roger Fisher on guitar, Don Wilhelm on guitar, keyboards and lead vocals, Ray Schaefer on drums and Fossen on bass. They played for several years in and around the Bothell, Washington area (northeast of Seattle). They frequently played Bothell High School, Inglemoor High School and Shorecrest High School, as well as many taverns and club venues. They frequented the club "Parkers" on Aurora Avenue in north Seattle during the 1970s when it was better known as the "Aquarius Tavern". In 1969 the band went through line-up changes (Gary Ziegelman on lead vocals, Roger on guitar, Steve on bass, James Cirrello on guitar, Ron Rudge on drums and Ken Hansen on percussion) (and Debi Cuidon, vocals) and a new name, White Heart (from Tales from the White Hart, a collection of short stories by noted author Arthur C. Clarke). For a brief time in 1970 this line-up shortened its name to Heart; however, the band went through more personnel changes, and when Ann Wilson joined in late 1970 the band was named Hocus Pocus.
Mike Fisher, Roger's brother, was set to be drafted. When he did not report for duty, his home was raided, but he slipped out a rear window and escaped to Canada.
One day in 1971, Mike sneaked across the border to visit family and, by chance, met Ann at a Hocus Pocus show. According to Nancy, that meeting was "when she and Michael fell in love" and Ann decided to follow Mike back to Canada. Steve Fossen finished his college education before he also decided to move to Canada in late 1972, and Roger followed in late 1972 / early 1973 and, along with Mike, Steve and Ann, the band Heart was officially formed.
Nancy joined in 1974, and soon after became involved with Roger. In 1974 the Heart lineup consisted of Ann, Nancy, Roger, Steve, John Hannah (keyboards) and Brian Johnstone (drums).
Ann and Nancy Wilson
The Wilson sisters grew up in Southern California and Taiwan before their Marine Corps father retired to the Seattle suburbs. After Ann graduated from high school, she joined Roger Fisher in the band Hocus Pocus where she met Roger's brother Mike in 1971 and followed him back to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Meanwhile, Nancy finished high school then went to college where she majored in art and German literature. She then played solo gigs until 1974 when she quit college and moved to Canada to join Heart.
After many one-nighters around their new home, the group recorded a demo tape with the assistance of producer Mike Flicker and session-guitarist and keyboard player, Howard Leese. Hannah and Johnstone had left by this time, and soon after Leese became a full-time member of the group. The same team then cut the debut album, Dreamboat Annie, which attracted the attention of the newly-formed Mushroom Records in 1975, a Vancouver-based label run by Shelly Siegel. Drummers Duris Maxwell, Dave Wilson, Kat Hendrikse and Michael Derosier were among those who played on the sessions for the album. Derosier eventually joined them as their full-time drummer. Upon release in Canada, the album sold an impressive 30,000 copies (no doubt benefitting from Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) Canadian content regulations). In the US, Siegel released the album first in Seattle where it quickly sold another 25,000 copies. With two hit singles, "Crazy on You" (#35, 1976) and "Magic Man" (#9, 1976) (written about love interest Herbert L. Becker(Hollywood Insider Feb., 1976), Dreamboat Annie eventually sold over 1 million copies. Songs of this era can be played on Canadian radio to satisfy CanCon content requirements.
The band was able to freely return to the United States after President Jimmy Carter granted amnesty to Vietnam draft evaders upon taking office on January 21, 1977 and the band was able to play outside of Canada. By this time Heart had broken its contract with Mushroom Records and signed with CBS subsidiary Portrait, a move that resulted in a prolonged legal battle with Siegel. In retaliation, he released the partly-completed "Magazine" at the same time that Portrait released Little Queen. A Seattle court ruled that Mushroom Records had to recall "Magazine" so that the group could remix several tracks and redo vocals before re-releasing the disc. Heart had wanted the album taken off the market completely.
Little Queen, with the hit "Barracuda" (#11, 1977), became Heart's second million-seller; "Magazine" was then re-issued in early 1978, peaking in the top twenty and gave forth the hit single "Heartless". In late 1978, the double-platinum Dog and Butterfly followed suit. After the 77-city "Dog and Butterfly" tour, the Wilson-Fisher liaisons ended. Roger was fired from the band after having a breakdown on stage and throwing a guitar near Nancy's head backstage in the fall of 1979. Michael was no longer their manager and left Ann for another woman. Roger Fisher formed his own band in the Seattle area. Longtime guitarist Howard Leese and Nancy filled the guitar slack and her childhood friend Sue Ennis helped with song collaborations. Heart then released "Bebe le Strange" in 1980. It became the bands second top ten hit album and produced two hit singles. By the end of the year, the band scored their highest charted single at the time; a remake of the ballad "Tell it Like it Is" which peaked at # 8.
Following the release of Private Audition in 1982, Fossen and Derosier left the band. Both "Private Audition" and 1983's Passionworks, (featuring new bassist Mark Andes and new drummer Denny Carmassi), failed to go gold (a gold record is 500,000 copies sold) putting Heart at a career crossroads.
In 1984, Ann Wilson recorded a duet with Mike Reno of Loverboy called "Almost Paradise". The song was featured on the soundtrack of the movie, Footloose and hit #7 on the pop charts. Then Heart's first album for Capitol, simply titled, Heart (#1, 1985), sold 5 million copies on the strength of 4 Top-10 hits: "What About Love?" (#10, 1985), "Never" (#4, 1985), "These Dreams" (#1, 1986) and "Nothin' at All" (#10, 1986). By that time, Heart had abandoned their earlier hard rock aspirations to make slick, radio-friendly pop music.
In June 1986, Nancy Wilson married journalist, screenwriter and director Cameron Crowe. She made a cameo appearance in his movie, Fast Times at Ridgemont High in 1982, in a scene where she was driving a Corvette, listed as Beautiful Girl In Car. Heart's next album, Bad Animals (#2, 1987), too, contained a chart-topper, in the power ballad "Alone" (#1, 1987), as well as "Who Will You Run To?" (#7, 1987), and "There's The Girl" (#12, 1987).
In 1989, Ann Wilson and Cheap Trick's lead singer, Robin Zander, had a #6 hit with their duet, "Surrender to Me". Brigade (#3, 1990) became Heart's 6th multi-platinum LP and added 3 more Top-25 hits to its catalogue, the most notable of which was "All I Wanna Do Is Make Love to You".
Following a 1990 tour, the Wilson sisters put together an informal acoustic group called The Lovemongers with Sue Ennis and Frank Cox. A 4-song EP that included a version of Led Zeppelin's "Battle of Evermore" came out in late 1992, and the quartet performed several times in the Seattle area. The Lovemongers released a full-length album titled "Whirlygig" in 1997.
When Heart re-emerged with "Desire Walks On" (#48) in 1993, Schuyler Deale played bass on the album's sessions. (Mark Andes had left the band by 1992). For the group's subsequent tour, Heart was joined by bassist Fernando Saunders and drummer Denny Fongheiser. The band offered live acoustic versions of its best-known songs on 1995's "The Road Home", which was produced by Led Zeppelin's John Paul Jones.
In 1995 Nancy decided to take a break from music to concentrate on raising a family with husband Cameron Crowe. Ann toured that year with a band that was alternately called The Ann Wilson Band or Ann Wilson & the Ricola Brothers. This lineup included Leese, Scott Olson (guitars), Jon Bayless (bass) and Scott Adams (sax). Additionally, Lovemongers' members Ben Smith (drums) and Frank Cox (guitars, keyboards, percussion) performed in this lineup. They were joined by Nancy for at least one show at The Joint in Las Vegas on October 16th, 1995, which was billed as a Heart show and later broadcast by the Westwood One Superstars in Concert series. A videotape of the show was also shown on VH1.
In 1998 Ann toured again without Nancy, this time billed as Ann Wilson and Heart. The lineup was the same as it had been in 1995, but without Scott Adams. Nancy kept busy scoring her husband's movies Jerry Maguire, Almost Famous, Elizabethtown and Vanilla Sky. She wrote and, along with her husband, produced the song "I Fall Apart" in Vanilla Sky that Cameron Diaz performed, and also composed "Elevator Beat", a non-vocal composition for the film. In 1999 Nancy released a solo album, (Live at McCabe's Guitar Shop). Also in 1999, Nancy and Ann embarked on a tour of their own, this being the first time that they had done so.
In 2002, Ann and Nancy returned to the road with a brand-new Heart lineup that included Scott Olson, Ben Smith, former Alice In Chains bassist Mike Inez, and keyboardist Tom Kellock. In 2003, Heart released their critically acclaimed concert DVD "Alive in Seattle" which has since been certified Platinum by the RIAA The DVD includes such hits as "Alone", "Barracuda", "Crazy on You", "Magic Man", "Straight On", "These Dreams" and many more.
Also in 2003, Gilby Clarke (ex-Guns N' Roses) and Darian Sahanaja replaced Olson and Kellock. These two new men didn't stay very long and were succeeded in 2004 by Craig Bartok and Debbie Shair. (Sahanaja's schedule became very busy after he joined Brian Wilson's touring band, but he returned to play with Heart in 2007 for their "Dreamboat Annie Live" show.) In 2004 the Wilsons released "Jupiter's Darling", their first studio album as Heart since 1993. It featured a variety of songs that include a return to Heart's original sound as well as a blend of pop and new textures. Stand-out tracks included "Make Me", "Enough", "Oldest Story In The World" and "Lost Angel". In 2005 the Wilsons appeared on the CMT Music Awards as a special guest of country singer Gretchen Wilson, (no relation), and performed the Heart classic, "Crazy On You", with Gretchen.
Heart performed with Gretchen Wilson on VH-1's 10 March 2006 tribute to the band, "Decades Rock Live". The special also featured Alice in Chains, Phil Anselmo, Dave Navarro, Rufus Wainwright and Carrie Underwood. Later in the year, bass player Inez left Heart to re-join the reformed Alice In Chains. Ric Markman then became Heart's new bassist.
In 1977 Heart's record label, Mushroom Records, fueled rumors that Ann and Nancy were lesbian lovers by running a full-page ad in Rolling Stone showing the sisters bare-shouldered and suggestively captioned "It was only our first time". When a reporter suggested, backstage after a live appearance, that the sisters were sex partners, Ann returned to her hotel room and began writing the lyrics to "Barracuda" to relieve her frustration. The song became one of Heart's biggest hits (#11, 1977).
Members and former members
Fisher MikeMike Fisher
Manager, engineer, producer, light man, and prior to Nancy joining the group, guitar
Fisher RogerRoger Fisher
Lead Guitar, backing vocals
Fossen SteveSteve Fossen
Electric bass guitar, percussion
Hannah JohnJohn Hannah
Johnstone BrianBrian Johnstone
Wilson AnnAnn Wilson
Vocals (Lead Vocals, backing vocals), flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin
Wilson NancyNancy Wilson
Vocals, guitar (acoustic guitars, electric guitars, lead guitar), mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
DeRosier MichaelMichael DeRosier
Leese HowardHoward Leese
Guitars, keyboards, synthesizers, mandolin, recorder, autoharp, percussion, backing vocals
Andes MarkMark Andes
Electric bass guitar, backing vocals
Carmassi DennyDenny Carmassi
Deale SchuylerSchuyler Deale
Electric bass guitar
Fongheiser DennyDenny Fongheiser
Saunders FernandoFernando Saunders
Electric bass guitar
Olson ScottScott Olson
Cox FrankFrank Cox
Guitar, keyboards, backing vocals
Adams ScottScott Adams
Bayless JohnJohn Bayless
Electric bass guitar
Kellock TomTom Kellock
Smith BenBen Smith
Inez MikeMike Inez
Electric bass guitar
Clarke GilbyGilby Clarke
Sahanaja DarianDarian Sahanaja
Bartock CraigCraig Bartock
Shair DebbieDebbie Shair
Markmann RicRic Markmann
Electric bass guitar
Heart's official site